Plastic pollution has become one of the major environmental concerns, it’s not limited to India but to the world .

According to experts, the next war will be because of plastic, if we don’t manage plastic, we will lose the war .

Plastic pollution is an accumulation of plastic in the environment which adversely affects the wildlife, humans and ecology.

When plastic was produced during the 1950’s it was considered as an effective tool, but with the moving of time and development, human has  crossed its limits, making it dangerous to the flora and fauna and mankind.

According to a study, 1 million plastic bottles are purchased every minute and 5 trillion plastic bags are used worldwide every year.

This throws the light on, how plastic has become part and parcel of our life and its effects can be seen in our health, marine life, wildlife, water, domestic animals, climate change and  environment.

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When it comes to climate change and environment degradation, according to a new report of 2019 “Plastic and Climate” will contribute  greenhouse gasses and about 850 million tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and the annual emission will contribute to 1.34 billion tons by 2030. The statistics are even more shocking  when it comes to plastic pollution in ocean- making it harmful to the marine life and humans.

The use of plastic by humans has increased health risk- tremendously leading to health problems like birth defects, genetic problems, skin problems, cancer, endocrine disruption. Whereas, the problems of ingestion and suffocation due to plastic debris making life dangerous for marine life too.

These effects pose serious threat  to the life form. The initiative by government can be understood through the world environment day 2018 theme “beat plastic pollution”, the various campaigns to spread awareness, the ban on single use plastic . 

But, the responsibility does not lie on government itself but to every individual. There is a need to shift in the lifestyle by switching to cloth bag and control the use of plastic on a personal level. Reform or adoption of elaborate curriculum in schools and colleges. Rigorous awareness programmes, research and development for biodegradable products, more encouragement on recycle of plastic for making roads and tiles, awareness on segregation on plastic pollution.

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