Finland has consistently ranked high in the PISA ranking ( the program for international student assessment) .It is conducted by the organization for economic cooperation development (OCED), every three years . PISA has an impact on the education system, how it functions internationally,in several countries . Finland don’t have standardized testing method rather assessment based on the individual level. They are taught cooperation rather than competition, they focus more on professional skills rather than acquiring traditional courses. This makes it unique.
Where’s India participated in 2009 and country was ranked poor and bagged 72nd ranked among 74 participating countries.
Let’s understand the difference :-
1. Starting school at the older age
In Finland students start school when they are seven years old and there is only 9 years of compulsory school that student need to attend. Everything at the 9th grade or at the age of 16 years is optional. They focus on let the kid be kid, don’t chained them in compulsion and prepare them for life.
Where as in India student start at the age of 2 to 3 years. Compulsory till 12th, that is at the age of 18. Focus on memorizing rather than learning and forget about how to develop them as a human being or prepare for life.
2. School starts later.
Finns start school at 9:00 – 9: 45 am. Their is no catching up the bus, no getting up early . They have break for at least 10 mins between every class. They believe in learning and create holistic environment.
Where as in India school starts around 7 to 7:30 am ,and goes up till 2 :00 pm. With maximum 8 periods with only lunch break for 10 to 15 mins. One class for around 30 to 45 mins sometimes double classes , goes more than an hour with no break.
3. LESS HOMEWORK OR NO HOMEWORK
Students in Finland have homework of 10 to 30 mins, that too mostly done by students at school. The performance is based on projects and assignments not on the basis of grades or marks. Their is no concept of tutors or coaching institute. The environment is of learning without pressure.
Whereas in India, humongous amount of homework, coaching classes to attend, focus on marks, constant exam pressure. Makes students disinterested.
4.TEACHING PRESTIGIOUS PROFESSION
There are 7 to 8 lakh applicants for teaching, it’s most respected profession .All teachers are required to have masters degree before applying for it. There is intensive training course. They have only one task that is of teaching,no additional work and they are not allowed to take classes outside school. The student to teacher ratio is 1:20 .
Whereas in India, teaching profession is last priority, they have additional odd jobs to fullfill, teacher to student ratio is high, no proper skill or training.
5. Relaxed environment
Relaxing environment for both students and teachers where they can relax, socialize, take rest. Less stress, time to eat, time to participate in recreational activities.
Where as in India, all these things lacks. On the top, physical education classes or games classes mostly taken by some other subject teacher to complete their syllabus.
India need an immediate revamp, in education system in order to utilize human resource efficiently.
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